One of the major contributors to income inequality is globalization and free trade policies. As corporations have become increasingly globalized, they are able to take advantage of cheaper labor costs in other countries while leaving domestic workers without jobs or with wages that do not match their skill sets. This has created a large divide between those who can benefit from globalization and international trade opportunities and those who cannot and unfortunately, it tends to be lower-income households that suffer most from these changes.
Another key factor that contributes to income inequality is educational opportunity or lack thereof. Those living in poverty often have limited access to quality education, meaning they have fewer chances for upward mobility and are more likely than their wealthier peers to remain in low-wage positions throughout their lives. Education also plays an important role in terms of job security; workers without college degrees tend to face higher rates of unemployment during economic downturns due to their lack of specialized skillsets or professional networks.
Finally, government policy should not be overlooked when considering potential causes for income inequality specifically, policies related to taxes and welfare programs such as Social Security or Medicaid/Medicare benefits. Welfare programs are often structured so that either wealthier individuals receive greater benefits than lower-income earners or vice versa; similarly, tax systems may provide greater tax relief for those with higher incomes than others based on current laws such as deductions. Both situations contribute significantly towards creating an unequal playing field when it comes to accessing resources necessary for financial success.
Ultimately, while there may be multiple factors contributing towards income inequality, by understanding its underlying causes we can begin taking steps towards addressing this problem within our society more effectively and equitably.